The US has the lowest primary and secondary enrollment numbers; post-pandemic, global exam scores in science, reading and mathematics scores have dropped in most countries, but in the US, math scores still remain below the advanced democracies.

Education: Primary

COLOR CODING
GreenRanked first for statistic
RedRanked last for statistic
 Gross EnrollmentAttainment
Primary Enrollment %Secondary Enrollment %% GDP SpentScienceReadingMath
Australia1011545.2507498487
Canada1011135.5*515507497
Denmark1021297.6494489489
France1071115.5487474474
Germany1021014.9492480475
Italy1011034.1477482471
Japan991023.6547516536
Netherlands1031335.5488459493
Norway1001147.7478477468
Sweden1231407.7494487482
United Kingdom1021255.6500494489
United States99975.0499504465

SOURCES

Gross Enrollment (columns 1 – 3): 2018 Human Development Statistical Update

Primary enrollment
Percent of primary school-age population (2012 – 2017)
Secondary enrollment 
Percent of secondary school-age population (2012 – 2017)
Percent of GDP Spent
Government Expenditure on Education (2012 – 2017). Current, capital and transfer spending on education, expressed as a percentage of GDP.
*a recent value for Canada was not found so previous 2009 – 2011 value used

Attainment (columns 4 – 6): OECD, Program for International Student Assessment

Science
Mean scores for 15 year olds on the Science scale of the PISA 2022.
Reading
Mean scores for 15 year olds on the Reading scale of the PISA 2022.
Math
Mean scores for 15 year olds on the Math scale of the PISA 2022.

Notes

“Math Scores Dropped Globally, but the U.S. Still Trails Other Countries”

Sarah Mervosh
December 5, 2023.
New York Times. “The math performance of U.S. teenagers has sharply declined since 2018, with scores lower than 20 years ago, and with American students continuing to trail global competitors…In the first comparable global results since the coronavirus pandemic, 15-year-olds in the United States scored below students in similar industrialized democracies like the United Kingdom, Australia and Germany, and well behind students in the highest-performing countries such as Singapore, South Korea and Estonia — continuing an underperformance in math that predated the pandemic.”

Page updated 12/11/2023.