The United States has the highest incarceration rate, highest average firearms per 100 people, highest homicides per 100,000 people, and the lowest safety and security ranking of the 12 countries in this comparison.

Crime and Incarceration

COLOR CODING
GreenRanked first for statistic
RedRanked last for statistic
Average Firearms per 100 PeopleHomicides per 100,000 PeopleTotal Number of Adults in PrisonPrisoners per 100,000 PeopleExecutionsDeath PenaltyPerception of SafetySafety and Security Ranking
Average % Yes% Female% Male
Australia14.50.9442,9091670no63458113
Canada34.71.6838,5701040no84759316
Denmark9.90.984,227720no8274909
France19.61.3567,9711000no72.5687723
Germany19.61.1858,004700no69.567722
Italy14.40.6753,930910no58556129
Japan0.30.2847,064370yes74.5678211
Netherlands2.60.5510,542600no83.573941
Norway28.80.513,034560no93.589987
Sweden23.11.087,607730no74.562875
United Kingdom7.11.2088,4523510no80788210
United States120.55.352,068,80062917yes72.5608527

SOURCES

Average Firearms per 100 People: Small Arms Survey, 2017

United Kingdom value calculated from average of Northern Ireland, Scotland, England & Wales.

Homicides per 100,000 people: United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, 2016
Columns 3 – 4: World Prison Brief

2021 except Canada (2018) and United Kingdom, United States (2019) and Germany, Japan, Netherlands, Sweden (2020).

Columns 5 – 6: Amnesty International Global Report, 2020/21

Executions were for the year 2020.

Perception of Safety: 2018 Human Development Statistical Update

Perception of safety is divided by gender in this more recent report (see pg. 82), the average was taken. 2012 – 2017.

Safety and security Ranking: The Legatum Prosperity Index, 2021

NOTES

“Other Countries Had Mass Shootings. Then They Changed Their Gun Laws.”

Mark Fisher
May 25, 2022.
Britain, Australia, Canada, New Zealand, Norway: All had a culture of gun ownership, and all tightened restrictions anyway. Their violence statistics now diverge sharply from those of the U.S.

“America’s incarceration rate is at a two-decade low”

John Gamlich
May 2, 2018.
The U.S. incarceration rate fell to its lowest point of the past two decades in 2016. This could be due to a decline in crime rates as well changes in judicial patterns and criminal laws that, for example, have led to prison sentence reductions. Despite this, the U.S. remains the country with the highest incarceration rate in the world.

“What can America learn from systems of incarceration around the world?”

Michelle Alexander
March 18, 2016.
Baz Dreisinger’s book, “Incarceration Nations”, details how other prison systems around the world compare to the U.S. prison system. In Norway, for example, prisons are small (usually fewer than 50 people), spread out to allow prisoners to be closer to family, and the prison sentences are drastically shorter. In addition, quality education, universal health care and free child care are provided.