|Color Coding Key|
|GREEN||Ranked 1st for statistic|
|RED||Ranked last for statistic|
Although the percent of GDP the United States spends on education is moderate in relations to the other countries, its Science and Math scores rank relatively poorly.
|Gross enrollment ratio||Attainment|
|Primary Enrollment %||Secondary Enrollment %||Percent of GDP spent||Math||Reading||Science|
Enrollment, all levels: UN Development Programme (web link), Human Development Report 2015, for most recent year. Total enrollment in primary and secondary education, regardless of age, expressed as a percentage of the official school-age population for the same level of education (and thus the occasional >100% figures). (The HDR 2015 does not specify years for individual countries. Instead it marks the above span for all 185+ countries in the study.) For previous HDR reports, check here.
Percent of GDP spent. World Development Indicators by World Bank, for most recent year (2009-11). Includes government spending on educational institutions (both public and private), education administration, and transfers/subsidies for private entities (students/households and other privates entities).
PISA: OECD Programme for International Student Assessment
Mean scores for 15 year olds on the Math scale in PISA 2012
Mean scores for 15 year olds on the Reading scale in PISA 20012
Mean scores for 15 year olds on the Science scale in PISA 2012
PISA individual country reports
OECD also released report titled "Lessons from PISA 2012 for the United States" and notes the following:
- Socio-economic factors make up for 15% of the U.S.' variation in PISA test performance.
- The U.S., a leader in GDP per capita, could spend more on education.
- Inequality is holding the U.S. back. The U.S. should recognize the discrepancies that social, demographic, and economic factors (which is quite profound compared to its peer countries) play on their education performance and focus education expenditures to remediate such discrepancies.
December 17, 2013, New York Times.
Article sites teacher training, school funding, and measures to combat elitism as reasons why many Asian and European countries not only test better than U.S. in education (especially Math), but are also widening that gap in performance.
"World can teach U.S. lessons about fixing broken schools," Randi Weingarten
May 15, 2011, San Francisco Chronicle.
As the United States hovers all too closely to the OECD's average Reading, Math, and Science scores, Weingarten suggests that the model practiced by the leaders (China, South Korea, Finland, and Singapore) should be followed. This model includes better measures for appreciating and respecting teachers. 46% of teachers in the U.S. quit in the first five years out of frustration for lack of appreciation and support.
percent in preschool, ages 2 to 4.